Certainly, our digital era has brought us many benefits from remote video surveillance for our homes using a simple cell phone to the possibility of making investments in almost any part of the world from a computer. However, it is also a fact that there occur new scams and internet frauds every day that try (often successfully) or steal personal information (known as identity theft) or our money or both. According to defense lawyers having in-depth knowledge and experience of computer fraud and penalty in Virginia, the practice of online frauds and computer scams is typically referred to as “phishing” because what it does is try to “fish” our information.
There are many types of scams, such as using e-mails and fake websites that are very similar to the original ones, such as those of banks, travel agencies, department stores, and so on. But there is another type of trickery that is done when someone steals the data we leave on a website. For example, an online store which will send the purchased item to the buyer’s address, an airline to which we gave our banking information or a hotel the moment we make a reservation.
According to computer fraud and penalty in Virginia (§ 18.2-152.3), any individual who utilizes a computing device or computer network, without obtaining permission or authority and:
- Converts the property of another;
- Embezzles or commits larceny; or
- Obtains property or services by false pretenses;
is deemed as guilty of the crime of computer fraud and penalty in Virginia.
When the monetary value of the services or property received is $500 or more, then the crime of computer fraud will inevitably be punishable as a Class Five felony. You must remember that where the monetary value of the services or property acquired is less than $500, then such crime related to computer fraud will be punishable just as a Class One misdemeanor.
It is imperative for companies to implement a structural model that includes security areas as part of the management team of their organization (asset protection) since one of the main focuses of cybercriminals is to spying and deceiving big corporates for self-motives, say lawyers having expertise in laws concerning computer fraud and penalty in Virginia. Learn below the most common computer crimes:
Spy programmatic keys. Also known as Trojans (or spyware), they are used to steal information remotely and physically, which allows the offender to validate himself in the banking system, supplanting his victim.
Undue disclosure of contents. Behaviors originated in the anonymity offered on the Internet and public access without control from public sites (among them are: the sending of anonymous emails for injurious purposes or slander, threats, and extortion).
Scams through online auctions. These are presented in the service of selling illegal products or services online or via the network. You can find stolen cell phones and illegal application software. It can also be a scam because they tend to violate shipping rules and quality of the products requested.
Violation of copyright. They are produced using serial players, where the criminals make multiple copies of musical works and software of some companies.
Piracy. It implies the use of the Internet to sell or distribute computer programs protected by the laws of intellectual property.