Accelerated development of society, its desire to abolish borders, integrate and globalize entail various consequences, unfortunately, not always positive. The achievements of science and technology, the creation of a worldwide Internet network have allowed crime to reach a new level and capture cyberspace, says an experienced internet hacking charge defense lawyer Virginia. Now the criminal does not need direct contact with the victim, and just a few people can become a threat to every user of the “global web,” large corporations and entire states.
What is cybercrime?
Since the use of protective measures or measures to combat any phenomenon is impossible without understanding the essence of this phenomenon, scientists, researchers, and legislators from all over the world have attempted to define the notion of “cybercrime” and to formulate criteria for its delimitation from other unlawful acts. As a result of the work done, a huge amount of very spatial definitions appeared, but the essence of all of them boils down to the following: “Cybercrime is any crime in the electronic sphere committed by means of a computer system or network, or against them,” says a reliable internet hacking charge defense lawyer Virginia.
Under Virginia Code § 18.2-152.3, computer fraud is typically explained as the action by a person who utilizes a computer device or network without prior authorization and who:
- Acquires services or property under false pretenses
- Commits larceny or embezzles
- Converts the property of another person
When the computer fraud of stolen goods is less than $500, then the criminal act would be punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor; otherwise, it will be charged as a Class 5 felony, says a reputable internet hacking charge defense lawyer Virginia.
Under the Virginia Code § 18.2-152.4, computer trespass is a Class 3 misdemeanor carrying serious penalties, which is also referred to as computer hacking. It also involves the breaking into of a computer system to modify or alter the current settings.
Features of this type of crime
- extreme concealment of acts, which is achieved through the use of anonymity and encryption mechanisms;
- cross-borders, the criminal, and the victim can be separated by thousands of kilometers, by the borders of several states;
- non-standard ways of committing;
- automated mode.
Types of cyber crimes
Since cybercrime covers the broadest layer of social relations, it involves the use of different equipment and has a range of ways to commit it, making different approaches to be classified logically, says a reliable internet hacking charge defense lawyer Virginia. The different types of cybercrime are grouped into five groups:
- The first group includes all computer crimes against computer data and systems (for example, illegal access, interference with data or systems in general).
- The second group consists of illegal acts related to the use of technology (forgery, retrieval, blocking or altering data, obtaining economic benefits in other ways).
- Offenses of the third group are related to the content of the data or the content.
- According to an aggressive internet hacking charge defense lawyer Virginia, violation of copyright and related rights belongs to the fourth group, the allocation of certain types of crimes in which is attributed to the legislation of specific states.
- Cyberterrorism and the use of virtual space for committing acts of violence, as well as other acts encroaching on public safety, are included in the fifth group of cybercrimes.